5 router settings to stop hackers from accessing your devices, network – #1: Use an Ethernet cable

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Whether you want to duck your head into the software’s menus and start fiddling with knobs and dials is up to you, but if you do decide to tweak Avira’s behavior, you’ll find a modest tool chest of options. One setting we highly recommend enabling is to search for rootkits before scanning. It will increase scan times, but rootkits are particularly nasty in how they dig their hooks deep in the OS, so it’s better to err on the side of safety.

You can also configure how aggressively Avira scans for zero-day threats through heuristic analysis, set to a medium detection level by default. Cranking it up to high puts Avira in an extra cautious state but at the risk of reporting false positives. Putting it on low has the opposite effect, or you can turn off heuristic analysis altogether, an option we don’t advise.

What you don’t get with the free version of Avira is a Game Mode. And though Avira doesn’t cost any money opens in new tab , you pay for it through the annoying ads. This is where BitDefender’s free version has the advantage. In contrast, it doesn’t use ads, nor does it nag users with pop-ups, and it pauses system scans when you’re gaming.

As much as we like Bitdefender, there are other capable security suites out there. Kaspersky Internet Security is one of them. Among the additional grab bag of goodies is a file shredder that overwrites deleted files. Hence, they’re near impossible to restore, the ability to create encrypted folders to keep sensitive files from prying eyes, password syncing among multiple devices, and PC clean-up tools, to name just a few.

You can find free alternatives to all of these, but having them all in one place is convenient. We like Kaspersky because it consistently performs well, both in identifying and blocking malware and having a minimal impact on system performance. That’s not to say it’s perfect—we recall one particularly annoying incident where Kaspersky had let a potentially unwanted program PUP lock our mouse cursor in a box. It took some persistence and Safe Mode to fix the problem.

For the most part, however, Kaspersky is excellent about protecting PCs. Even on rare occasions we’ve run into problems, they’ve been relatively minor. The best antivirus will be reliable above all else, but the best antivirus for gaming will keep your gaming PC safe without interrupting your gaming sessions.

It should also be light on system load, though that’s not always an easy task. Generally, you can get away with just running Windows Defender, but it also requires a good dose of common sense.

Remember to only download games from trusted sites and avoid clicking random links. If you’re dubious, it’s worth spending a little on an antivirus solution for extra peace of mind. There’s no noticeable difference when it comes to the best antivirus’, particularly if it’s just ticking away in the background.

Running a scan can be a different matter however, so we recommend doing so outside of your game time. You can get by with Microsoft’s built-in Virus and threat protection, as long as you back it up with some common sense and don’t go clicking random links and dodgy websites. If you want something a bit more robust, but don’t want to pay for the privilege, then Avira Free Antivirus is a good option.

Jorge is a hardware writer from the enchanted lands of New Jersey. When he’s not filling the office with the smell of Pop-Tarts, he’s reviewing all sorts of gaming hardware from laptops with the latest mobile GPUs to gaming chairs with built-in back massagers. Bitdefender Total Security. Reasons to avoid – Relatively heavy system load. McAfee Gamer Security. Reasons to avoid – Pricier than basic protection. Webroot SecureAnywhere.

Reasons to avoid – Limited Android support. Avira Free Antivirus for Windows. Reasons to avoid – Best features are behind a pay wall. Before making any changes, an organization should establish a formal change procedure that outlines the change request process for users or devices requiring modifications to specific configuration changes.

PSI DSS Guide recommends that security administrators plan the process of adding, changing, or deleting firewall rules so that the performance of the existing ruleset is not adversely affected.

Additionally, the procedure should feature a formal review process for analyzing new modification requests and establishing the best course of action for security rules and practices. You can also add a way of testing the new change requests on the production firewall rules and default settings.

On top of that, the security rules change document should provide detailed information on ways to deploy the tested now modifications into production and a process to validate that the new settings are operating fittingly.

Finally, there needs to be a method to ensure you track and document all changes. Securing your firewall is a significant first line of defense in configuring and managing a secure firewall. Always ensure that your firewall is not performing unsafe actions properly. Security experts recommend that you start by blocking all traffic and unauthorized access by default and only allow specific traffic to identified applications and servers.

This default configuration sets a baseline control over the traffic and downplays the likelihood of a cyberattack. Markedly, you can achieve the default block rules behavior in firewalls by configuring the last rule in access control lists to block traffic. You can then add explicit firewall rules to modify the configurations based on the platform. Set the most explicit firewall rules at the top of the rule base.

The rules act as a starting point for matching traffic by managing what the firewall permits or blocks. A rule base classically works on a top-down protocol, with the first rule in the list performing the initial action. In this case, if the first rule permits the traffic, the remaining rules will not assess it again.

Since firewalls operate on a first-match basis, it is essential to follow a structure such as the one recommended by SANS to ensure that suspicious traffic is blocked instead of inadvertently allowing them in by failing to follow the correct rule order. Properly configured firewalls designedly drop all blocked traffic. You can place a cleanup rule at the bottom of each security zone context as a safeguard to stop unauthorized traffic from passing through the firewall.

You can define the cleanup rule any-any-any drop rule that provides a catch-all mechanism as follows:. Therefore, it is essential to remove it from your firewall policy and only allow legitimate IP addresses to private networks connections. Customarily, security tools like Windows firewall come with built-in reporting tools that provide detailed information about your network traffic. So naturally, the tool generates firewall logs for auditing any changes or anomalies that might require modifications to firewall settings.

Better yet, maintaining audit logs can also help in firewall optimization. PSI DSS Guide states that firewall audit tools automate analyzing complex and bloated rule sets to validate and demonstrate enterprise access controls and configuration change management processes.

In this case, logs provide data that show unused or activated firewall rules. Log data also reveals false positives on traffic that was not supposed to trigger an alert. Overall, audit logs present vital information that guides changing firewall rules to improve service and enhance security. Networks constantly change by gaining new services, devices, and users. Consequently, organizations need to add or review firewall rules to allow access to new services and applications.

Sometimes the process involves deleting old firewall rules. All things considered, it is a best practice to establish a regular maintenance schedule to make updated changes to the firewall policy.


– Best firewall settings for gaming – none:


PC gaming demands the best hardware, and gamers are constantly looking for the competitive edge that can be a key ingredient for victory. Too often, home networking infrastructure takes a backseat to the rig itself. Without these optimizations, the game—in all of its high resolution and explosive glory—will offer up unhealthy portions of lag and dropouts that result in frustration. With a little attention and care paid to your networking setup, you can be sure to get the best out of your Internet connection.

Before we get to the advanced stuff, let’s start with the basics. The foundation of a robust gaming network is a solid network in general, and the key is bandwidth. It can be helpful to imagine this as the diameter of a pipe. Before doing anything more advanced, take a minute and reboot the cable modem and router. Double check that your router is running the latest firmware, since newer firmware can optimize and patch the router. Also, connect a computer directly to the modem with an Ethernet cable and run a SpeedTest opens in new tab to assess the speeds from your ISP.

While the initial download of the game, as well as the patches and updates, use significant bandwidth, the actual gameplay uses surprisingly little data, contrary to what many folks would think. Video streams such as NetFlix can consume 3GB per hour for high definition video.

Gaming, on the other hand, consumes data on the order of 20MB to 80MB per hour of gameplay, depending on the game. With such low data requirements for online gameplay, getting a faster internet connection is unlikely to yield significant benefits unless there are other simultaneous users on the connection. The real key here is to keep bandwidth dedicated to the game, and to not have lower priority traffic stealing bandwidth.

While a video stream relies on a continuous stream of large packets of data in the download direction, online gaming is based on small packets in both the download and upload directions.

The gameplay of MMORPGs is also exquisitely sensitive to lost packets, and losing a single one can cause the game to stall. For first person shooters and racing games opens in new tab , the emphasis is on minimizing latency, which is a measure of the time it takes for a packet of data to go from one point to another. With the need for a stable, secure, and low latency connection, serious gamers will espouse the benefits of a wired connection. If you have a bunch of CAT5e lying around, use that.

Wired Ethernet should be your first choice when it comes to connecting your PC to your network. However, given the configuration of so many houses, only the most dedicated will be moved to renovate just for network considerations.

A router is the grand poobah of a network, and These routers, while fine in their day, are also not designed for multiple devices; they aren’t designed to handle all of the smartphones, tablets, and media streaming devices that clog up a modern home network.

So get a good router. Now that we have our computer connected and the ISP issues worked out, we turn our attention to further optimizations that can be done to the network.

With so many devices competing for the your bandwidth, you need a router that has some technology to help shape the traffic baked into its DNA. QoS prioritizes important time-sensitive data over less crucial data streams. That can result in games that stutter and stall while the rig is grabbing some updates.

On the other hand, with a gaming router that supports QoS, gaming can take priority over other types of data, resulting in smooth gameplay even when other traffic is hogging bandwidth. While QoS is a sine qua non of a gaming router, all QoS is not equal. The first is to have the router prioritize by device, and the second approach is to have the router prioritize by application. While D-Link and ASRock models we looked at prioritize by device, this is the less preferred strategy. The approach favored by Asus and Netgear is to have gaming applications configured to get the priority over lower priority applications.

From the screenshot above, the software of the Netgear X4S router offers four tiers of priority for network traffic:. The manual mode offers more granular control of each of the four categories of traffic, which can be assigned a user selected level of priority. Each router is different, so check your router’s manual to see what QoS settings are offered and how to change them. The other point of intervention is to shape and prioritize the traffic at the level of the device. It was hard to justify the price as the reviews were less than favorable.

The company has gone through some iterations since then, most recently becoming independent under the umbrella of Rivet Networks. The secret sauce here is termed Advanced Stream Direct 2. The software can configure bandwidth limits separately for both upload and download for each running software application, making this particularly valuable for a gaming rig that is also multitasking during a gaming session.

Advanced Stream Direct 2. For the sake of completeness, the Killer NIC also has Double Shot Pro that is designed to use internet access from two sources simultaneously, such as broadband from an ISP and municipal Wi-Fi for a user fortunate enough to have two sources of broadband simultaneously.

Native Windows can only make a single internet connection at a time with non Killer hardware. In the few instances where you have two discreet Internet connections, however, there is a clear advantage to using it. While the preceding theoretical discussion is all well and good, we got our hands on some gaming hardware to test these concepts. The open question for us was if a modern gaming router with QoS activated would be sufficient for managing and prioritizing the network traffic for a smooth gaming experience, and what difference, if any, the Killer NIC would make in this setting.

The laptop was connected to the router over a wireless 5 GHz connection. The game was a first person shooter, the classic Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault that was played at x with Hardware Texture 2. Gamers care much more about frames per second than about theoretical network benchmarks, so we’re using FRAPS 3.

This gives us a good idea of standard performance for a gaming notebook, and we found it was capable of playing the game at a healthy average A recent speed upgrade from our ISP to 60 Mbps proved a challenge for the test as we now needed to congest the network to compromise the game. We decided to do this with background streaming video from YouTube, and it took five streams of 4K video and an additional p video for good measure, which was about 60 Mbps. This saturated our download bandwidth, essentially leaving the game with 5 to 8 Mbps of over-provisioning from the cable connection.

With six background videos playing at once, Medal of Honor dragged to a lousy average of The game also stuttered and hiccuped to near unplayable levels. With the average frame rate down 67 percent from the baseline, and we could now see what router QoS and Killer NIC could do to help the situation. Dynamic QoS was turned on with default settings, which considers online gaming tier two of the four.

When the test was run with dynamic QoS, it disappointingly had a virtually negligible effect with the average frame rate at a still too low For the next test, we switched to manual QoS and changed the online gaming category from high to highest, putting it into the top tier. With this done, the frame rate went up to Even with the reduced frame rate, the test proved QoS could prioritize traffic and help with gaming. It also shows that the default settings of dynamic QoS may not be ideal for gamers.

We next wanted to see what the Killer NIC could do. When the game was played, the frame rate went to In other words, forced to choose between router QoS and Killer NIC, the Ethernet card was the more powerful intervention point in our testing setup. This represented a mere 6 percent reduction from baseline, with a minimum frame rate of 52 fps. Amazingly, the videos all played, and the gaming experience was subjectively almost indistinguishable from the baseline. Even without a Killer NIC, you can maximize your gaming experience by using a wired connection, a good router, and QoS.

With the right setup, gaming traffic can be prioritized at both the router and the Ethernet card level to maximize the use of the bandwidth across the network. Jonas DeMuro. See comments.


Firewall & network protection in Windows Security.


This article explains how to enable and configure your router’s built-in firewall. It also includes information on how to determine whether your router has a firewall. This article best firewall settings for gaming – none: to most newer wireless router models. A firewall is a potent defense against hackers best firewall settings for gaming – none: cybercriminals.

Surprisingly, many users have a robust firewall available and don’t realize it. Most wireless baming routers contain a built-in, hardware-based firewall, and unless it’s been activated, it’s lying dormant.

Routers vary, but the general approach for enabling and configuring your built-in firewall is as follows:. Access your router’s configuration page. Select Enable. Select Save and then Apply. After you select Applyyour router will likely state that it is going to reboot to apply the settings.

Configure your firewall by adding firewall rules and access control lists that meet your connectivity do you set a zoom meeting with friends security needs. When you have completed setting up your firewall the way settins want it, test your firewall to ensure that it does what you узнать больше здесь. To find out if your router has a built-in firewall, open a browser window and log in to your router’s administrative console by typing in the router’s IP address.

Your router is nest to have what is known as a non-routable internal IP address, such as All routers offer basic firewall protection, but many have more sophisticated firewall functionality. Below are standard admin interface addresses used by some common wireless router manufacturers. Consult your specific ссылка на страницу manual for the correct address. After you log in to your best firewall settings for gaming – none: administrative console, look for a configuration page labeled Security or Firewall.

This indicates that your router has a built-in firewall as cor of its features. A firewall is the digital equivalent of a traffic cop that polices your network boundaries. It can be used to prevent traffic from entering or leaving your network. There are several different types of firewalls, both hardware and software-based. Operating systems often feature a software-based firewall, ssettings the firewall in your router is hardware-based.

Firewalls help besg internet-borne, port-based attacks. Firewalls can also stop an infected computer inside your network from attacking other computers by preventing malicious traffic from leaving your network.

When you visit this site, besg may store or retrieve nonr: on your browser, gamjng in the form of cookies. Cookies collect information about your preferences and your device and are used to make the site work as you expect it to, to understand how you interact with the site, and to show advertisements that are targeted to your interests.

You can find out more and change our default settings with Cookie Settings. By Andy O’Donnell. Andy O’Donnell. Andy O’Donnell, MA, is a former freelance contributor to Lifewire and a best firewall settings for gaming – none: security engineer who is active in internet and network security.

Reviewed by Michael Tor Heine Jr. Tweet Share Email. What to Know Access the settijgs configuration page. Locate an entry labeled Firewall or similar. Select Save and Best firewall settings for gaming – none:. Wait while the router restarts. Add firewall rules and access control lists to meet your security needs. Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know! Email Address Sign up There was an error. Please try again.

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– 8 Essential Router Tips for Optimal Gaming Performance


This should definitely help you resolve this issue permanently. If you are unable to access Control Panel, then open up Command Prompt and type following command:. Once done, check your network status. You should now be able to connect to the game without any issues. Disabling Windows Firewall is not advisable in any case and everyone must take backup of their important data and disable it only when required. There are several demerits of disabling your firewall. It leaves the system vulnerable to security threats and attacks by hackers.

So, it is recommended that you keep Firewall enabled at all times for safety purposes. Tap or click here for a list of default passwords for router brands. Download any updates. Want to be shocked? Most routers include encryption by default. But don’t move on just yet — there are different types of Wi-Fi encryptions, and some are much weaker than others. This is the latest version of the wireless standard available.

Tap or click here to learn more about the benefits of WPA3. This hybrid setting keeps the benefits of WPA2 while leaving compatibility for older, less secure devices. So you might be fine with those other devices being able to see yours. We call that “discoverable” because all the devices on that network are allowed to “discover” each other.

The Wi-Fi at your local coffee shop, however, is a public network. Most of the other devices connected to it belong to strangers and you’d probably prefer they not be able to see, connect to, or “discover” your device. When you select one of the three network types you’ll get the settings page for it. Here Windows Security will tell you which, if any, networks of that type you’re currently connected to.

Usually your computer will only be connected to one network at a time. Important: Turning the firewall off may increase the risk to your device or data. We recommend leaving it on unless you absolutely need to turn it off. Under the Incoming connections section you’ll find a single checkbox for Blocks all incoming connections, including those in the list of allowed apps.

If you’re trying to join a Wi-Fi network, one of these articles should help:. About privacy and security warnings If your Apple device displays a privacy warning or warning about the weak security of a Wi-Fi network, that network could expose information about your device.

Apple recommends connecting to Wi-Fi networks that meet or exceed the security standards outlined in this article. Before changing the settings on your router Back up your router’s settings, in case you need to restore them. Update the software on your devices.

This is critical for ensuring your devices have the latest security updates and work the best they can with each other. First, install the latest firmware updates for your router. Then, update the software on your other devices, such as on your Mac and on your iPhone or iPad.

On each device that had previously joined the network, you may need to forget the network to ensure the device uses the router’s new settings when rejoining the network.

To ensure your devices can connect securely and reliably to your network, apply these settings consistently to each Wi-Fi router and access point, and to each band of a dual-band, tri-band or other multi-band router. The security setting defines the type of authentication and encryption used by your router, and the level of privacy protection for data transmitted over its network.

Whichever setting you choose, always set a strong password for joining the network. Don’t create or join networks that use older, deprecated security protocols. These are no longer secure, they reduce network reliability and performance, and they will cause your device to display a security warning:. Settings that turn off security, such as None, Open or Unsecured, are also strongly discouraged. Turning off security disables authentication and encryption and allows anyone to join your network, access its shared resources including printers, computers and smart devices , use your internet connection, and monitor the websites you visit and other data that’s transmitted over your network or internet connection.

This is a risk even if security has been turned off temporarily or for a guest network. Set to a single, unique name case sensitive. The Wi-Fi network name, or service set identifier SSID , is the name your network uses to advertise its presence to other devices. It’s also the name that nearby users will see on their device’s list of available networks. Use a name that’s unique to your network, and make sure all routers on your network use the same name for every band they support.

When you visit this site, it may store or retrieve information on your browser, mostly in the form of cookies. Cookies collect information about your preferences and your device and are used to make the site work as you expect it to, to understand how you interact with the site, and to show advertisements that are targeted to your interests.

You can find out more and change our default settings with Cookie Settings. By Andy O’Donnell. Andy O’Donnell. Andy O’Donnell, MA, is a former freelance contributor to Lifewire and a senior security engineer who is active in internet and network security.

Reviewed by Michael Barton Heine Jr. Tweet Share Email. What to Know Access the router’s configuration page.